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Alternative actions for social change

Faculty Member’s Name:

Raoul Rojas

Faculty Member’s Profile:

Post Graduate Diploma in Bacteriology (University of Toronto).

Master in Environmental Studies (courses) York University).

Worked as a Regional Program Coordinator for Government of Canada delivering social and cultural development programs.
Course Code:


Alternative actions for social change.






This course will examine alternative actions for social change based on events carried out in the multicultural city of Toronto. Each event portrays social development opportunities materialized by the work of community activists and their supporters, reflecting diverse approaches to various fields of development. The analysis of the background of each social change event should lead to the establishment of inter-event similarities and differences as well as to indicate their feasibility and capacity for replication in other societies throughout the world. The analysis should also include the social, financial and other costs and benefits to both the group implementing the social change and to society at large.

*Short Structural Outline:

Teaching Units
Each unit addresses a social change event: its origins, development and consequences for both the activist movement and society at large.
1) Africentric Education Program (an educational program for Black-African students in its first year through the Toronto School Board of education)
2) Tutorial Programs for the Portuguese and Hispanic communities (Outreach and Tutorial programs for high school students of Portuguese and Hispanic descent)
3) Diversity in Employment (an environmental sustainability group is lobbying for employment that reflects the faces of a multicultural society)
4) Call of Street Names by the Toronto Transit Commission (project lobbied by the disabled community)
5) Wheelchair Access to Buildings’ Ramps (project lobbied by the disabled community)
6) Gay Pride Parade (celebrations and Parade of the Gay community)
7) Gay Marriage (project lobbied by the Gay community)
8) Multicultural Street Signs (projects of local urban initiatives)
9) Caribana (celebrations and Parade of Caribbean communities)
10) Duke of Edinburgh’s Youth Award (Citizen Recognition by an international organization)
11) Parkdale Garden Club (urban greening carried out by a local group)
12) The Yurta Mira Project (originated in Russia fosters the rights of indigenous peoples throughout the world.
13) Foreign Home Care Worker’s Rights (project driven by activists and an investigative reporting series of “The Toronto Star”.
*Textbooks and Reading List:

“Non violent alternatives for social change”
(Paperback) Ralph V. Summy (editor)
Publisher: EOLSS Publishers Co Ltd (Jan 03, 2009)

“How to change the world: social entrepreneurs and the power of new ideas”
(Update edition (Paperback) (Sept 17,2007)
Author: David Bornstein.

“Social entrepreneurship: New models of sustainable social change”
Editor: Alex Nicholls
(Paperback)(May 15, 2008)

“We make the road by walking: Conversation on education and social change”
by Myles Horton (author), Paulo Ferried (author), Brenda Bell (editor) and John Gaventa (editor)
(Paperback) (Dec 28, 1990)

Three short essays (300 words each for a 33% value) will analyze the background of each action for social change including a comparative inter-event characterization and replication feasibility.

*Cost: Available upon request

For further information on this or other courses taught by the faculty member please contact our student advisor at:

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